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 Sedment (Sidmant)

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MensajeTema: Sedment (Sidmant)   Jue Dic 10, 2015 6:06 am

Sedment (Sidmant)

a series of cemeteries south of the Fayum a few kilometres west of the town of Ihnasya/Herakleopolis


[size=undefined]Who was buried in the Sedment cemeteries?[/size]

For Petrie/Brunton there was no doubt that the people of the town Herakleopolis were buried in the cemeteries near Sedment:

"there lay a cemetery continuous for three or four miles, as far as Mayana, the burial ground of ancient Henen-nesut (later known as Herakleopolis) which stands about five miles away in the plain."

Seidlmayer (Seidlmayer 1990: 247) ascribes the tombs to villages along the desert. His arguments are:


  • There are cemeteries next to or within the town Herakleopolis.
  • Some of the cemeteries of Sedment are at a distance of about seven km from the town. A very long distance between cemetery and settlement in ancient times in Egypt is only common for monumental tombs of persons of high status. The tombs at Sedment are not especially big and belong to less wealthy people.



http://www.ucl.ac.uk/museums-static/digitalegypt/sedment/thepeople.html
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MensajeTema: Re: Sedment (Sidmant)   Jue Dic 10, 2015 6:06 am

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MensajeTema: Re: Sedment (Sidmant)   Jue Dic 10, 2015 6:06 am

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MensajeTema: Re: Sedment (Sidmant)   Jue Dic 10, 2015 6:07 am

[size=undefined]Tomb types: staircase Tomb[/size]
At the beginning of the First Dynasty rich people and even kings were still buried in large rectangular holes in the ground. As the tombs increased in size and depth, it became more difficult to bring all the burial goods into these tombs. In the middle of the First Dynasty a tomb staircase was introduced to give easier access to the underground chambers at death. There may also have been changes in religious belief, reflected in this change, but these are not recorded. In most cases the staircase entrance lay outside the mastaba and so the tomb could be built during the lifetime of the tomb owner. With a simpler form of tomb this was not possible: the mastaba could only be built after the burial.
Staircase tombs are typical for the second half of the First Dynasty to the Third Dynasty.
(click on the pictures to see the 3d models)


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