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 El valle de las momias de oro

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MensajeTema: Re: El valle de las momias de oro   Dom Oct 14, 2007 7:31 am

Los métodos de momificación empleados por los romanos en Bahariya, a diferencia de las técnicas faraónicas, incluían el recubrimiento interno de la momia con una estructura de juncos. Este añadido, convertía al cuerpo una vez vaciado en un objeto más rígido y consistente. Esto es lo que ha facilitado que estas momias en mayor medida estén mejor conservadas que las de época faraónica.

Imagen del interior de una de las tumbas.




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MensajeTema: Re: El valle de las momias de oro   Mar Oct 23, 2007 1:46 am

Algunas fotos mas



momias de dos niños.




foto de la momia de una mujer..se observa sus dos pechos
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MensajeTema: el valle de las momias de oro   Jue Oct 25, 2007 7:05 am

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MensajeTema: Re: El valle de las momias de oro   Miér Oct 31, 2007 3:27 am

Interior de una de las tumbas de Bahariya.

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MensajeTema: Re: El valle de las momias de oro   Jue Nov 08, 2007 5:48 am

Desenterrando la momia de una chica.


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MensajeTema: Re: El valle de las momias de oro   Jue Nov 08, 2007 5:52 am

Tumba de una muchacha.


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MensajeTema: Re: El valle de las momias de oro   Jue Nov 08, 2007 6:00 am

Limpiando de arena en la tumba nº 54.


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MensajeTema: El valle de las momias de oro   Mar Nov 27, 2007 3:22 am

Otra foto del Valle de las momias de oro Smile


[img][URL=http://imageshack.us][/[/img]
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MensajeTema: El valle de las momias de oro   Sáb Dic 08, 2007 2:49 am

[img]
[/img]

otra foto de las momias doradas
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MensajeTema: El valle de las momias de oro   Dom Dic 30, 2007 3:15 am



otra foto
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MensajeTema: El valle de las momias de oro   Vie Mar 14, 2008 3:12 am




Diversos objetos hayados en las excavaciones del Valle de las momias doradas


Última edición por Semíramis el Sáb Mar 15, 2008 12:53 am, editado 1 vez
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MensajeTema: El valle de las momias de oro   Sáb Mar 15, 2008 12:50 am



estatuillas de mujeres llorando y lamentándose


(esta foto y la anteior son de egipto tienna de faraones de N.G
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MensajeTema: Re: El valle de las momias de oro   Sáb Mar 15, 2008 3:48 pm

Semi interesantisimo este tema de las momias doradas.
¡¡Pero cuantas maravillas encierra Egipto y cuantas cosas nos quedan por ver...gracias a Dios pues nos sirven de excusa para volver!!!
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MensajeTema: El valle de las momias de oro   Mar Mar 18, 2008 1:30 am

serezhade escribió:
Semi interesantisimo este tema de las momias doradas.
¡¡Pero cuantas maravillas encierra Egipto y cuantas cosas nos quedan por ver...gracias a Dios pues nos sirven de excusa para volver!!!

Tienes razón serezhade, siempre hay excusas para volver a Egipto... es que hay tantas cosas que ver y por supuesto para "volver" a ver las cosas que hemos visto Rolling Eyes

un abrazo
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MensajeTema: El valle de las momias de oro   Mar Mar 25, 2008 1:20 am



fuente Downhill -golden mummies

otra foto mas.
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Por la que brilla el sol

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MensajeTema: Re: El valle de las momias de oro   Mar Mar 17, 2009 3:50 am



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Por la que brilla el sol

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MensajeTema: Re: El valle de las momias de oro   Mar Mar 17, 2009 3:51 am

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MensajeTema: Re: El valle de las momias de oro   Miér Mar 18, 2009 3:58 am



momia Valle de las momias de oro
foto de ddcegypt
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MensajeTema: El valle de las momias de oro   Vie Oct 23, 2009 12:17 am

Dejo aquí en el tema un artículo de Hawass que ha aparecido hoy en su blog:

Bahariya Oasis
Last week I travelled to Bahariya Oasis, in the Western Desert of Egypt. I went to visit my excavations, especially those going on in an area known as Sheikh Sobey, in the capital town of el-Bawiti. Sheikh Sobey is the area where I made one of my major discoveries, the tomb of the governor of Bahariya, Djedkhonsu.



An inscribed limestone sarcophagus in the Valley of the Golden Mummies. (photo: Mohamad Megahed)Also in Sheikh Sobey, I discovered near the tomb of Djedkhonsu the tomb of his father Badi-Isis and that of his wife Natsa, as well as his brother, whose name was not found. The knowledge of the location of these tombs came to me through two young people of Bahariya. They came to me while I was excavating in the Valley of the Golden Mummies and told me they knew about tombs hidden under the ground. At first I did not believe them, because there are many people who gossip and tell tales about antiquities. But finally I went with them, and they took me to a shaft next to the house of an old lady, and we went down into the shaft about 35 feet underground. I found myself in a maze corridor of beautifully decorated tombs. I began to excavate in this area, and found many wonderful things, but the tomb of the governor was the most exciting.

This past week I returned, because my team was demolishing three houses in the area of Sheikh Sobey, where we know there are many tombs under the ground. We were able to negotiate with the people who lived there, because their houses were not very good quality. We bought them a good piece of land and built new houses with better materials, and moved them to the new houses so we could demolish the old ones. Last week I was able to witness the demolition of two houses with hands and tools by the workmen, and one house we destroyed with a bulldozer. It was very exciting that while I watched, the bulldozer uncovered a tomb shaft underneath the house, which shows how many tombs there are in this area.

el artículo continua en el enlace
http://www.drhawass.com/blog/bahariya-oasis
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MensajeTema: El valle de las momias de oro   Vie Oct 23, 2009 12:19 am

Del mismo artçiculo de Hawass saco esta foto


An inscribed limestone sarcophagus in the Valley of the Golden Mummies. (photo: Mohamad Megahed)

y esta otra


Workmen remove the lid of a sarcophagus, revealing the mummy inside, in Bahariya Oasis. (photo: Mohamad Megahed
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MensajeTema: El valle de las momias de oro   Sáb Ene 30, 2010 1:25 am

tumba de Zed-Amun-efankh, Valle de las momias de oro, Bahariya Oasis


http://www.drhawass.com/photoblog/tomb-zed-amun-efankh

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MensajeTema: Re: El valle de las momias de oro   Sáb Mar 26, 2016 2:01 am

The Valley of the Golden Mummies is a huge burial site at Bahariya Oasis in the Western Desert of Egypt, dating to the Greco-Roman period. Discovered in 1996 by Dr. Zahi Hawass and his Egyptian team, approximately two hundred fifty mummies approximately two thousand years old were recovered over the period of several seasons. Eventually, the excavator further estimated a total of more than ten thousand mummies.[1]


Many of the mummies were still in good condition when they were discovered by Dr. Zahi Hawass and his team. They were decorated with many different styles.[2] There were four general styles of the mummies at Bahariya. The first style, which was found on approximately sixty mummies, has a gilded mask covering the face and a gilded waistcoat depicting different scenes of gods and goddesses across the chest. The second style is covered with cartonnage, depicting scenes of gods such as Anubis, the god of mummification, and his four children. The third style was not decorated with gold or cartonnage, but rather was placed inside an anthropoid, a pottery coffin. The fourth style was covered in linen.[3]





Mummy found in the Valley of the Golden Mummies, now in el-Bawiti museum, el-Bahriya, Libyan desert, Egypt.
Artifacts had been buried with each mummy. Some examples include jewelry bracelets, pottery of food trays, wine jars, and Ptolemaic coins. The mummies found in the tombs in the Bahariya Oasis during the Roman period show that people during this period were wealthy because they were able to afford gilding and cartonnage depicting beautiful scenes. Each mummy is different with the various styles and artifacts representing each individual. Dr. Zahi Hawass notes "it would seem that workshops were everywhere and artisans were one of the main professions in Baharyia[4]" during this time. The population in Egypt during the Roman period was about 7 million. Therefore, Dr. Hawass believed that approximately 30,000 people inhabited Baharyia. The production of wine from dates and grapes was the main industry in Bahariya, contributing to the wealth of its people.[5]

Mummification[edit]

Mummification during the period peaked. Dr. Hawass states that the “important point about mummification is that they started to put sticks made of reeds on the right and left side of the mummy to cover the mummy with linen. This method made the mummy very stable and can last longer than the mummies of the Pharaonic period”.[6] The preparation of the mummies began in a workshop called the “Wabt”. The god Anubis was supposed to watch the entire process. According, to the Egyptian religious beliefs, the heart of those who have deceased was placed on a scale. The feather of the goddess of truth, "Maat" was placed on the other side of the scale opposite of the heart. If the feather and heart did not balance each other on the scale, there would be a huge animal waiting to eat the deceased. If the scale was balanced, the god Horus would take the deceased to meet the god Oiris and goddess Isis. Those who had passed away will enjoy the life in the land or field of paradise of the Egyptians.[7]

References[edit]

1.Jump up ^ The Discovery of the Valley of the Mummies by Zahi Hawass.
2.Jump up ^ Tessa. "The Valley of the Golden Mummies by Dr Zahi Hawass". The Egyptian Society of South Africa. Society Articles. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
3.Jump up ^ "The Discovery of The Valley of the Golden Mummies at Bahariya Oasis - The Plateau - Official Website of Dr. Zahi Hawass". www.guardians.net. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
4.Jump up ^ "The Discovery of The Valley of the Golden Mummies at Bahariya Oasis - The Plateau - Official Website of Dr. Zahi Hawass". www.guardians.net. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
^ "The Discovery of The Valley of the Golden Mummies at Bahariya Oasis - The Plateau - Official Website of Dr. Zahi Hawass". www.guardians.net. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
6.Jump up ^ "The Discovery of The Valley of the Golden Mummies at Bahariya Oasis - The Plateau - Official Website of Dr. Zahi Hawass". www.guardians.net. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
7.Jump up ^ "The Discovery of The Valley of the Golden Mummies at Bahariya Oasis - The Plateau - Official Website of Dr. Zahi Hawass". www.guardians.net. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
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MensajeTema: Re: El valle de las momias de oro   Sáb Mar 26, 2016 2:08 am



The Discovery of the Valley of the Mummies


Three years ago, an antiquities guard was riding his donkey. The leg of the donkey fell down and a hole was discovered because of this event. The Inspectors of Antiquities of Bahria started an excavation in this area and found the beginning of a cemetery of mummies.

In March 1999, I took a team of archaeologists, architects, restorators, conservators and engineers and started the largest expedition ever done in Egypt.

We established a large camp in the area which is located about 6 km from the town of El Bawiti, the capital of Bahria Oasis. We conducted a survey and found out that the cemetery extended about 6 km square.

We started the excavation in four tombs only and found 105 mummies inside of them. The mummies are in good condition which shows the richness of the people in that time.

They are of four kinds:

1 - Mummies which are guilded, covered with a very thin layer of gold;

2 - Mummies covered with cartonage and scenes depicted, such as gods and goddesses. For example, Anubis of the embalment, Osiris, Isis, and the four children of Horus as well as the god Toth. All these gods are connected with the judgement;

3 - The third type are mummies inside anthropoid coffins (these are coffins made of pottery with human faces);

4 - The last style are mummies wrapped with linen.

Lots of artifacts were found near the mummies, such as statues of mourning ladies made of pottery. Other artifacts, such as different types of pottery in the shapes of God Bes, the dwarf god of pleasure and fun.

Also, other artifacts including bracelets, earrings and coins were found. The study of these coins reveal that this find is dated from the Greek Period to the Roman Period.

The Tombs consist of an entrance, delivery room and two burial chambers.

One of the mummies is a guilded lady with her head turned toward the face of her husband with love and affection. Others are buried as a family group, with their children. The mummies of the children were covered with gold. Another woman has a crown with four decorative rows of red-colored curls. The third and fourth rows are missing significant pieces. Beneath the crown the hairstyle is similar to that of Terracotta statues. Behind the ears appears the goddess Isis on one side and Nephthys on the other - these protect the deceased with their wings.

The decorative scenes show an abbreviated form of the judgement of the dead. In these scenes we see the god Osiris on his throne while Anubis weighs the heart of the dead against the feather of Maat. Meanwhile, Toth records the result of the weighing process and reports it to Osiris.
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MensajeTema: Re: El valle de las momias de oro   Sáb Mar 26, 2016 2:08 am



A mummy of a noble

Anubis, who is portrayed on the mummies, played an important role in several ways. First is his well attested role in the judgement scenes - it is he who operates the scale on which the heart is weighed against the feather. Second is his performance of the embalming - a basic condition for rebirth. Anubis protects the body of the deceased and assists in its revival. Therefore, we find Anubis in the representations on coffins and mummy masks performing mummification rites.

The Uraeus appears on the head of some of the mummies belonging to non-royal persons, this probably indicates desire of the deceased to have a transfiguration similar to that of a king.
http://guardians.net/hawass/mummies.htm
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MensajeTema: Re: El valle de las momias de oro   Sáb Mar 26, 2016 2:09 am



A guilded mummy of a woman

In the Roman Period, different elements appear - such as crowns and the use of a kings or gods beard of Uraeus, were taken from the royal cult and used by the public.

We expect to find at least 10,000 mummies in this cemetery. We preserved mostly all the mummies in situ, but we did move only a few to a room in the Bahria inspectorate to show them to the public.

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