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 Ladrillos mágicos

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MensajeTema: Ladrillos mágicos   Sáb Feb 23, 2013 2:24 am

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MensajeTema: Re: Ladrillos mágicos   Sáb Feb 23, 2013 2:26 am

I quote from an article by A. M. Roth and C. H. Roehrig : MAGICAL BRICKS AND THE BRICKS OF BIRTH. - In: The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology - JEA - 88. - 2002. - pp. 121 - 139:

Quote:
"Four mud-bricks inscribed with spells from Chapter 151 of the Book of the Dead are often found in the burial chambers of royal and elite tombs dating from the New Kingdom. These bricks can be shown to represent the four bricks that supported women during childbirth. The use of bricks in a mortuary context is thus metaphorical, replicating the equipment of an earthly birth in order to ensure the deceased's rebirth into the other world. Such bricks may also have been used in the 'Opening of the Mouth' ritual, both at funerals and in temple foundation ceremonies. In connection with their role at birth, bricks also appear at the judgment a person faced after death. Like other artifacts surrounding birth in Egypt, bricks of birth had parallels in ancient Mesopotamia.

During the New Kingdom, four magical bricks were often placed in niches in the burial chambers of royal tombs, and in some private tombs and burials of the Apis bull as well. The bricks and their associated figures were preserved in the tomb of Tutankhamun; two bricks were found in the tomb of Horemheb, and, surprisingly, bricks inscribed for Amenhotep IV / Akhenaton were found in KV 55. Other inscribed bricks bear the names of Amenhotep II, Thutmose IV, and two Apis bulls buried in the reigns of Amenhotep III and Ramesses II, as well as various queens and private individuals.

Each of these four bricks was associated with one of four amuletic igures : a recumbent jackal on a shrine, a mummiform image, a reed that represented a flame, and a djed-pillar. Usually the bricks bore the text of a spell from Chapter 151 of the Book of the Dead describing the protective function of the amuletic figure and a cardinal point designating the wall into which they were to be inserted. In these spells, the jackal is identified as the god Anubis, but the other figures are not explicitly identified with divinities. The full text of this chapter, given in Book of the Dead manuscripts, gives detailed instructions for the treatment of the bricks and figures: the bricks are to be unbaked; the mouth of the mummiform image is to be opened; and the djed-pillar is to be of faience and electrum, anointed, and wrapped in royal linen. The figures are to be attached to the bricks and placed in niches cut in the appropriate walls of the burial chamber. The niches should then be covered. In one case, the preparation of the bricks is said to require an officiant who has neither eaten fish and small cattle nor approached a woman.

Despite these specific directions, the placement of the bricks and figures varies considerably in the few depositions preserved in situ. In the tomb of Tutankhamun, the sole royal burial chamber in which all four niches were found with their contents sealed inside, only the mummiform image and its brick were in their proper position in the north wall. The jackal and its brick were placed in the west wall rather than the east; the djed-pillar and its brick were in the south wall rather than the west; and an anomalous figure of Osiris was attached to the brick associated with the flame, which was set in the east wall rather than the south. A fifth brick, accompanied by a reed and inscribed with the spell that normally
accompanies the flame, was found to the east of the burial chamber, at the entrance to the 'Treasury'. Furthermore, although the full text of Chapter 151 directs that only the djedpillar was to be wrapped in linen, the priests who prepared Tutankhamun's burial wrapped in linen all the amuletic figures placed in niches except the djed-pillar.

Variations in the nature of the amuletic figures and the disposition of the bricks are not unique to Tutankhamun's burial. Among bricks of Amenhotep II, the only two surviving figures were both jackals, one associated correctly with the eastern brick and the other, incorrectly, with the southern brick. In the tomb of Thutmose IV, the jackal and its brick were found partially sealed into a niche on the south side of the sarcophagus instead of the east. In KV 55, although the bricks were found in the proper relationship to one another, each deviated from its proper position by 270 degrees. M. Bell has argued, however, that the tomb had a theoretical orientation different from its true orientation; in terms of the theoretical cardinal directions, the bricks in KV 55 were accurately placed. ... The anomalies in the placement of the bricks also occur in private tombs, ..."


SOURCE: forum, egyptdreams
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MensajeTema: Re: Ladrillos mágicos   Sáb Feb 23, 2013 2:30 am




http://www.touregypt.net
A seal with throne name of Amenhotep III; Bottom: A magic brick inscribed with the throne name of Akhenaten
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MensajeTema: Re: Ladrillos mágicos   Dom Feb 24, 2013 12:33 am

Magical Bricks
in the Oriental Institute Museum of the University ofChicago*
Abstract:
Foy Scalf
(Tafel 9-18)
This article publishes in full the 10 magical bricks in the Egyptian collection of the Oriental Institute Museum of
the University of Chicago, including description, transcription, transliteration, translation, photographs and copies.
Their relationship to the corpus of known magical bricks is detailed and their relevance to this corpus discussed.

leer el pdf completo:

http://oi.uchicago.edu/pdf/magical_bricks_sak_38.pdf
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MensajeTema: Re: Ladrillos mágicos   Dom Feb 24, 2013 2:49 am

excelente tema
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MensajeTema: Re: Ladrillos mágicos   Miér Feb 27, 2013 2:31 am

curiosa utilización de los ladrillos
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MensajeTema: Re: Ladrillos mágicos   Vie Mar 01, 2013 12:06 am




Magic bricks of Henutmehyt

From the tomb of Henutmehyt at Thebes, Egypt
19th Dynasty, around 1290 BC
British Museum
foto de la web del museo
los ladrillos mágicos se ponian en las tumbas durante el reino nuevo. Servian para proteger al difunto de los enemigos de Osiris y se colocaban en los 4 puntos cardinales
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MensajeTema: Re: Ladrillos mágicos   Vie Mar 15, 2013 1:54 am



clay (scope note | all objects)
Techniques
incised (scope note | all objects)
Place (findspot)
Found/Acquired Egypt (scope note | all objects)
(Africa,Egypt)
Period/Culture
New Kingdom (all objects)


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Description
Inscribed brick of Amenemopet: a mud magical brick, with an inscription in seven lines of hieratic, incised when the clay was still damp.


http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/search_the_collection_database/search_object_details.aspx?objectid=170720&partid=1&output=People%2F!!%2FOR%2F!!%2F99660%2F!%2F99660-1-8%2F!%2FNamed+in+inscription+Osiris%2F!%2F%2F!!%2F%2F!!!%2F&orig=%2Fresearch%2Fsearch_the_collection_database%2Fadvanced_search.aspx¤tPage=8&numpages=10
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MensajeTema: Re: Ladrillos mágicos   Mar Mar 19, 2013 2:23 am

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MensajeTema: Re: Ladrillos mágicos   Dom Nov 10, 2013 9:55 am

Magical Bricks
in the Oriental Institute Museum of the University ofChicago*
http://oi.uchicago.edu/pdf/magical_bricks_sak_38.pdf
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MensajeTema: Re: Ladrillos mágicos   Lun Nov 11, 2013 3:00 am

interesante documento sobre los ladrillos mágicos
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MensajeTema: Re: Ladrillos mágicos   Lun Nov 11, 2013 8:27 am

A Decorated Birth-Brick from South Abydos:New Evidence on Childbirth and Birth Magicin the Middle Kingdom

http://www.academia.edu/894376/A_Decorated_Birth_Brick_from_South_Abydos_New_Evidence_on_Childbirth_and_Birth_Magic_in_the_Middle_Kingdom
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MensajeTema: Re: Ladrillos mágicos   Vie Jun 24, 2016 2:56 am

Magic brick

OIM 6401 (Tafell0 Nr. 3-5)
Front

source: Magical Bricks in the Oriental Institute Museum of the University of Chicago.pdf

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