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 plaster burial mask of a woman

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MensajeTema: plaster burial mask of a woman    Dom Feb 24, 2013 11:56 pm

This plaster burial mask of a woman gives us a glimpse into the wealthy burials in the Fayum region of Egypt during the Greco-Roman period (ca. 1st - 4th centuries). It was created by modeling the features of the dead person in plaster. It would then be placed over the face of the mummy to be recognized by the person's sprit in the afterlife.

A large number of mummy portraits and masks have been found in the Fayum region. Research and experiments using CAT scans and X-rays indicate that most of the portraits reflect what the deceased actually looked like around the time of their death. What we see in the mask is most likely what the Egyptian woman looked like thousands of years ago. However, there are also fantastic qualities in this mask, such as the stark contrast of her white face with the solid black eyes that lack pupils.


During the Greco Roman period in Egypt, the mixture of peoples living in Egypt brought new artistic influences greatly affecting Egyptian culture. This mask combines new elements, Greek and Roman realistic portraiture, with traditional Egyptian burial practices.

Masks also capture the fashion of the time period. The woman's hair is gathered on the crown of her head with a deep emphasized middle part, which would have been typical for a woman of the upper class.

The Fayum region was a flourishing metropolitan community in ancient Egypt later occupied by a number of different contributing cultures, including the Greeks, Romans, Syrians, and Libyans. This area is now rich in archaeological finds. An oasis is normally supplied by springs, but the Fayum instead is formed by the Nile mud from the Bahr Yusuf (Canal of Joseph).

Learn More: Roman-Era Egyptian Burial Mask (1926.02.0234)

http://www.spurlock.illinois.edu/collections/artifact/egyptburmask.html





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Cantidad de envíos : 45878
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MensajeTema: Re: plaster burial mask of a woman    Dom Feb 24, 2013 11:57 pm

Artifact Identification

Burial Mask (1926.02.0234)


Classification

Communication Artifacts : Ceremonial Artifacts : Funerary Objects


Artist/Maker

None

Geographic Location

Africa, North; Arab Republic of Egypt

Period/Date

Roman; 1st – 4th c. CE

Culture

Egyptian, Roman



Locality/Archaeological Site



Physical Analysis


Dimension 1 (Height)

41.0 cm


Dimension 2 (Width)

18.0 cm



Dimension 3 (Depth)

15.0 cm



Weight

1947 g



Measuring Remarks

None



Materials

Plaster, Stone



Manufacturing Processes

Carved, Inlaying



Munsell Color Information

Pale Yellowish Pink (7.5YR 9/2) -ns





Bibliography

James, T.G.H. Excavating in Egypt: The Egypt Exploration Society 1882-1982. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

"This mummy is for real," Heritage 1/2 (May 1982), p. 3.

Photo: "21st Century Museum Visitors & Digital Museum Resources", 12/16/2005.




Egypt Exploration Society



Reproduction

No



Reproduction Information

N/A


Última edición por Semíramis el Dom Abr 14, 2013 9:33 am, editado 1 vez
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MensajeTema: Re: plaster burial mask of a woman    Lun Feb 25, 2013 3:03 am

una máscara preciosa
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MensajeTema: Re: plaster burial mask of a woman    Hoy a las 10:35 pm

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