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MensajeTema: Rekhyt   Dom Jun 16, 2013 1:26 am

Socle of a statue of Nectanebo II: Peoples submitted to the king of Egypt
Louvre Museum
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Dom Jun 16, 2013 1:28 am


Fragment of a ceramic vessel, inscribed with a group of birds "Rekhyt", symbolizing the inhabitants of the Delta. First dynasty, reign of Narmer, Aha. Cairo, Egyptian Museum. JE 11900.
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Lun Jun 17, 2013 11:51 pm

Images ofthe
 Rekhyt 
from Ancient Egypt




 http://www.academia.edu/2179438/Images_of_the_rekhyt_from_ancient_Egypt
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Mar Jun 18, 2013 12:01 am




hola egiptomaníacos, en esta foto podemos ver tres imágenes de rejit.
el de arriba es del templo de Lúxor; el que está en la parte de abajo a la izquierda es de una de las columnas del templo de Hatshepshut en Deir el baharí; el de la derecha es la imagen que está en la base de la estatua de Djoser.
la foto es del artículo titulado: Images of the Rekhyt from Ancient Egypt de Kenneth Griffin
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Mar Jun 18, 2013 11:50 pm




Tell el Yahudiyeh, City in the Eastern Delta
tilrd frpom the palace

http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/tellelyahudiyeh/tiles.html
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Miér Jun 19, 2013 12:06 am



Tell el Yahudiyeh, faience tiles from the Palace


http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/tellelyahudiyeh/tiles.html
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Vie Jun 21, 2013 9:12 pm




Photo of a relief-section of hieroglyphs in the great temple of Ramses II in Abu Simbel.
Hieroglyphics, top line (reading right-to-left):
"Given: Life, Dominion, Power, Health, Ra-like, Forever".
(Di, ankh, djed, Wsr, Senbi, Ra-Ma, Djet.)
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Jue Nov 07, 2013 5:13 am


Images ofthe

Rekhyt

from Ancient Egypt

Above:

a

rekhyt

rebus: The

rekhyt

bird raises arms in adoration ofRameses II as represented by his double cartouche.Carving on a column in the temple ofAmun at Karnak.

Photo: RP.

The lapwing first makes an appearance in Egyptian artduring the Protodynastic Period. The bird is depicted onthe deck ofa boat, on a fragment ofslate palette knownas the “Plover Palette”, which is housed in the EgyptianMuseum in Cairo.From the same period comes the limestone ceremonialmace-head of“king” Scorpion, on which a series ofstan-dards with lapwing birds hanging from their necks aredepicted. This scene has been interpreted by many schol-ars as depicting Scorpion’s victories over the people oftheDelta, who are depicted as the

rekhyt

people. However, thescene could also depict the sovereign’s control over all thepeople ofEgypt.The earliest depiction ofthe

rekhyt

bird during the OldKingdom comes from the statue base ofthe pharaohDjoser. This base, which is on display in the EgyptianMuseum in Cairo, depicts three

rekhyt

birds, each withtheir wings intertwined, under the feet ofthe pharaoh. As

The lapwing was represented in ancient Egyptian art for a period ofover three thousand years, but these images are much more than just a representation ofthe bird, as

Kenneth Griffin

reveals.

T

he lapwing (

Vanellus vanellus

), has, for a period ofover threethousand years, been abundantly represented in both Egyptian art and hieroglyphs. The lapwing can be identified by its characteris-tic short pointed bill, rounded head, long squared tail and especially bythe long crest on its head. To the Egyptians the bird was referred to as

rekhyt

. They were often depicted in Egyptian art in papyrus marshes,perching on their nests. It is generally accepted that the

rekhyt

peopleare to be identified as the lowest class ofsociety in ancient Egypt andhave been called “subjects”, “common people”, “plebeians” or“mankind”. However, other scholars have suggested that the

rekhyt

peo-ple were actually foreigners who had settled in Egypt.
http://www.academia.edu/2179438/Images_of_the_rekhyt_from_ancient_Egypt

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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Jue Nov 07, 2013 5:14 am

os dejo el artículo de una parte de una conferencia:
Who were the Rekhyt?
In 1868 Brugush was the first to define the word as people and many others have come after using definitions like volk, plebeians, mankind, and common folk, lowest level of people. There is also another word, ‘Pat’ people which means nobility.
Others have had more controversial ideas but these are not widely accepted, Nibbi thought they are Libyans and Hodge Indo-Europeans
They are symbolised by the lapwing bird with its wings pinned back and human arms raised worshiping. Birds are still seen in this position in markets in Egypt today.
The Rekhyt Rebus
The rebus itself consists of a bird – the people, a basket – all, and star – worship. Finally a cartouche (e.g. Ramesses). So it reads as “all the Rekhyt-people worship Ramesses”.
Why was it put on the temples?
Traditional view has been that this was a symbol to direct the common people to where they should stand as stated by Brand, Bell, Teeter, Wilkinson and others. You can see it at the 1st courtyard at Luxor Temple which is variously referred to in hieroglyphs as a Place of Supplication, Court of Appearances or Festival Court. It only appears on the columns on the south east area (the north east is under the mosque and has not been studied) and some believe that this meant that the common people were only allowed into this eastern side of the court. The corresponding columns on the west side have a cartouche flanked by the goddesses Wadjet and Nekhbet. All the birds face towards the central aisle.
Ken also pointed out that the statues flanking the doorway to the colonnade of Amenhotep III were also identified for popular worship so common people must have had access to them. Also the triple shrine in the North West is a place for supplication with both the Mut ad Khonsu chapels mentioning the Rekhyt people as well as the false door in the Amun chapel. This had the mystical function, a bit like an ancient telephone booth with direct dial to Amun. There is also a statue (provenance unknown) of a noble called Panhesy which mentions the Rekhyt people presenting gifts to the statue in order to have Panhesy deliver the pleas to the god who la within.
People’s Gate
This is the entrance just by the mosque and the inscriptions says that the Rekhyt adore in order to be given life. The Pat people were on the other door jamb back in 1983 but have now vanished. It is possible that this gateway was used by the king coming and going from his east bank palace. As well as the Pat-people there are also examples of various other peoples including foreigners as seen at Abydos.
Now Ken started to put his case against the rebus being a positioning glyph for common people. So at Luxor temple we should consider when deciding where the common people were allowed.
- Name of the court
- Open courts could by default be described as being open for worship
- Triple Shrine
- Ka Statues
- Rekhyt Rebus positions
- People’s Gate
Ken had examined the occurrence of the Rekhyt-rebus in New Kingdom temples, in the courtyards, hypostyle halls and inner sanctuaries. If the Rekhyt rebus was a sign indicating ‘you may stand here’ then one would have expected it not to appear past the courtyards.
He has looked at a variety of temples and found occurrences along the axial ways in courtyards and hypostyle halls but also in inner sanctuaries like the Red Chapel of Hatshepsut, the way stations of Hatshepsut, Seti I temples at Gurna and Abydos, and Ramesses II temple at Abydos. So this is found throughout temples, even in their private most secret places.
Doorways in the Pyramid Texts and Coffin Texts restricted access to the hereafter but in the New Kingdom they became physical doorways. They had symbols which were both greeting and worshiping.
The Rekhyt image can be a bird, a person with a birds head or a person with the little crest of the lapwing on the back of their head and there is an example from the Third Intermediate Period of a bird with a flail as opposed to wings. They appear to flank the processional route with the few exceptions explained by poor reconstruction or missing elements.
Ken believes that this was part of upholding Maat and that without these images continually worshiping and greeting the both the pharaoh and the gods then Egypt would be thrown into chaos. So a much more mystical purpose than the traditional view.

http://luxor-news.blogspot.com/2010/07/mummification-museum-popular-worship-at.html



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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Sáb Nov 30, 2013 1:42 am

aparece en muchísimas partes, en muchísimos relieves
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Mar Feb 04, 2014 10:19 pm

Tiles from the mortuary temple of Ramesses III at Medinet Habu depicting lapwings with human arms raised in an attitude of adoration. Country of Origin: Egypt. Culture: Ancient Egyptian. Date/Period: New Kingdom, XIXth Dynasty. Place of Origin: Thebes, temple of Medinet Habu. Material Size: Faience, glass inlay l = 21.5 cm. Credit Line: Werner Forman Archive/ Egyptian Museum, Cairo . Location: 36.


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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Dom Abr 06, 2014 11:58 pm





Tell el Yahudiyeh, faience tiles from the Palace
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Vie Abr 11, 2014 9:47 pm

http://www.academia.edu/2179446/A_reinterpretation_of_the_use_and_function_of_the_rekhyt_rebus_in_New_Kingdom_temples
A reinterpretation of the use and function of the rekhyt rebus in New Kingdom templesmore
by Kenneth Griffin
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Vie Abr 11, 2014 9:51 pm

Thutmosis III sphinx statuette, showing Pharaoh reclining on the Nine Bows. The front of the statuette uses the lapwing Rekhyt bird to say: "all the people give praise", using the hieroglyphs, nb, for all, the lapwing, for the people, and the star, for praising; (this is a rebus). Djed pillars of "Dominion" are on the side.


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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Vie Abr 11, 2014 9:53 pm

Socle of a statue of Nectanebo II: Peoples submitted to the king of Egypt



Última edición por Semíramis el Vie Ene 02, 2015 12:10 am, editado 1 vez
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Mar Abr 29, 2014 10:31 pm

Semíramis escribió:
Thutmosis III sphinx statuette, showing Pharaoh reclining on the Nine Bows. The front of the statuette uses the lapwing Rekhyt bird to say: "all the people give praise", using the hieroglyphs, nb, for all, the lapwing, for the people, and the star, for praising; (this is a rebus). Djed pillars of "Dominion" are on the side.



interesante
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Lun Dic 29, 2014 12:36 am

Images of the Rekhyt from
Ancient Egypt


https://www.academia.edu/2179438/Images_of_the_rekhyt_from_ancient_Egypt
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Vie Ene 02, 2015 12:11 am

A reinterpretation of the use and function of the rekhyt rebus in New Kingdom temples

Kenneth Griffin

https://www.academia.edu/2179446/A_reinterpretation_of_the_use_and_function_of_the_rekhyt_rebus_in_New_Kingdom_temples
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Vie Ene 02, 2015 12:16 am

Ramses_III_Rechit





Deutsch: Ramses III.-Darstellung als Rechit am Migdol-Tor in Medinet-Habu

Date 7 July 2009 (original upload date)
Source Kenneth Griffin: Images of the Rekhyt from Ancient Egypt. In: Ancient Egypt, Vol. 7, Nr. 2, Issue Nr. 38. Empire Publications, Manchester 2006, S. 50
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Vie Ene 02, 2015 12:26 am


Tile with rekhyt bird


Period: New Kingdom, Ramesside

Dynasty: Dynasty 19–20

Date: ca. 1295–1070 B.C.

Geography: From Egypt, Eastern Delta, Tell el-Yahudiya

Medium: Gray faience filled with blue

Dimensions: H. 9 x 10.5 cm

Credit Line: Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917

Accession Number: 17.194.2336

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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Vie Ene 02, 2015 12:35 am



Rekhyt
Templo dé Lúxor
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Vie Ene 02, 2015 12:39 am




Rekhyt y cartucho de Ramses II. templo de Lúxor.
la foto pertenece a alain.guilleux.free.fr
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MensajeTema: Re: Rekhyt   Hoy a las 10:28 am

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