¡Gracias! me encanta la imagen de los cuatro hijos en el loto. ¡Qué cantidad de símbolos! He encontrado algo de información sobre esta representación que ha colgado Semíramis. Os la pego:
1) - The Children of Horus standing on a lotus
• This representation appears at the end of the 18th Dynasty, without them being in any real order to begin with. Then the motif of the four characters appears, fixed according to a precise order, on the corolla of the open blue lotus. This will become the canonic standard of the 20th Dynasty until the Roman period: Amseti (human headed), Hapy (head of a baboon), Duamutef (head of a dog) and Qebehsenuef (head of a falcon).
• The choice of the lotus is clearly connected to the rise at this time of the Hermopolitan creation story. Which here provides the scene, at the dawn of time, in which four male characters impregnate the primordial lotus floating on the abyssal waters of the Nun (or even Nun himself, of where will take the plant); the lotus from which will emerge the solar child, and thus Creation.
But in Hermopolis, it is an Ogdoade of four male creatures and four female creatures who created the world.
We will see below how the Egyptian thinkers transformed the male entities into Sons of Horus, and the females into the four goddess: Isis, Nephthys, Neith and Selket, and how they established the relation between the goddesses, the birth of the sun and the one of the Children of Horus.
This association, the Children of Horus and the goddesses, has been preserved on some canopic chests, such as those of Tutankhamun, for example. This image is followed in every level of the overlapping chapels down to the final calcite box.
• The "Four Children" were born of Isis according to the formula 112 of the Book of the Dead :
"As for Amseti, Hapy, Duamutef and Qebehsenuef, Horus is their father and Isis their mother. Then Horus said : Put two brothers to Buto and two brothers in Hierakonopolis, of this my company; they will be with me, assigned for eternity, so that the country will be prosperous, and so that the turmoil be quenched".
Straightaway, they have a geographical connotation with regard to the whole area where the dismembered body of Osiris had been scattered, and are therefore connected to the reunification, the reconstitution of Osiris.
This is the reason that they are also connected with the Oudjat eye, the symbol of the complete and final reconstitution of the god Osiris, and who regained his life; but also also with the god Horus, whose physical integrity had been achieved by the loss of his eye.
2) - The representations of the lotus on which the four Children stand can vary, but all are linked to Osiris.
The god, standing or seated on a throne, is always on a platform or dais.
This is sometimes bevelled, forming the hieroglyph "m3a" . It is of special significance, since its shape evokes the bank of a river in this case the Nile (Servajean and Wörterbuch, II, 25, 2-4). And more precisely, the bank at the time of the inundation, when - mythologically - the lymphs of Osiris flood the land near of the river, from which spring the plant stems.
Issuing from between his legs (rd.wy), the flooding returns the waters of the primordial ocean, the Nun, to fertillise again the lands of Egypt. Note from this sequence that here is one of the reasons which made necessary the myth of the death and the reconstitution of Osiris: Egypt could not survive without the death and the rebirth of the Great God.
The plant can push between the legs of Osiris, or directly from his feet, but also even from the platform, in which is sometimes drawn wavy lines representing water. It can be represented solely by its stem, but more often it is its rhizome that is given importance, what gave birth to the Gardiner hieroglyph M31 :
Here are some representations from the Theban tombs:
• The Tomb of Roy
• The Tomb of Khonsu
• The Tomb of Nefersekheru and detail