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 Practicas funerarias Deir el Medina

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MensajeTema: Practicas funerarias Deir el Medina   Lun Dic 23, 2013 1:04 am

Burial Practices

All over Egypt, great burial plans were made in order to have a smooth transition into the afterlife. This was no exception in Deir el-Medina. The Egyptians believed that they needed to provide for their ka in the afterlife. The concept of ka is very complex and represents several things. A simple way to explain it is that the ka is a kind of spiritual double, one that survives the death of the body. The Egyptians believe that the ka needs the body to live in the tomb in order to keep itself sustained in the afterlife, and this is why many people were mummified, in order to keep their ka preserved. If their bodies were not preserved, the Egyptians believed that their ka would die and they would in turn lose their chance for eternal life. Mummification was the process of removing a person's organs and storing them in canopic jars. This is a long process reserved for the rich in Egypt. While the tomb workers had spare time, they often worked on their own tombs for their afterlife. These were built on the cliff of the western side of the village. These tombs were nowhere near as elaborate as the Pharaoh's tombs, despite having small features in common. They were much smaller and they did not include funerary texts such as Amuduat, which was a painting that showed the journey of a pharaoh's death to their journey of becoming a god. Amuduat was for royals only, as it was the Egyptians view that only pharaoh's became gods in the afterlife.
The book of the dead was an important part of burial customs for ancient Egyptians. To the Egyptians, the book of the dead meant 'coming forth by day'. The book of the dead was written on papyrus is made up of a collection of chapters that includes various spells and formulas. An Egyptian had three choices when choosing their quality of papyrus. They could either commission the most expensive quality papyrus, or they could purchase one. They could also purchase already made papyrus, and have a scribe fill in the blank spaces in the event of their death. When these 'funerary chapters' started to emerge in Egyptian tombs, it was thought that they were an Egyptians guide to a good afterlife. The purpose behind these chapters was that the deceased would read them on their journey to the afterlife and make sure that they would not lose their way on the journey. Egyptians had various afterlife concepts including Ka, Ba and Akh. Ba is represented as a human-headed bird and it is believed that a person's personality included the Ba, also known as spirit force. The Ba is very different to the Ka, as the Ka needs the bod to survive. The Ba is free to roam anywhere during the day time, but returns at night to stay inside the mummy. The Akh is either represented by a phoenix or an ibis. This is the fully resurrected form of the deceased person that goes into the afterlife. It is the idea of a ghost. This is speculated to be the joining of the Ka and the Ba in the afterlife. Once a person died, they received a funeral. This was started by a group of mourners that stayed with the mummy as it crossed the Nile River. When the mummy had made it to the west bank, it was dragged to its tomb by a group of oxen. All this time it was the priests job to walk in front of the mummy and burn incense, while sprinkling milk. Behind the mummy in a sled, the canopic jars that contained the viscera of the deceased was being dragged. When the mummy reached the entrance of the tomb, the priest would touch the ears, mouth and eyes of the money wearing panther skin. This was supposed to restore all of its faculties and bodily functions that would then be used in the afterlife. The mummy was then placed in its coffin where it was surrounded by food offerings. The tomb was then sealed.

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MensajeTema: Re: Practicas funerarias Deir el Medina   Mar Dic 24, 2013 2:29 am

muy interesante Smile
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